Myongji University Microsystems Laboratory Directed by Prof. Sang Kug Chung


Schematic diagram of the electronic switchable liquid shutter for the security and design of mobile electronic devices: (a) Inclined view; (b) Cross-sectional view of the open and closed states of the liquid shutter.

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조회 수 : 1083
2019.05.27 (13:21:40)

Schematic diagram.PNGAcoustic bubble-powered miniature rotor for wireless energy harvesting: (a) When a compressible bubble in the microtube is acoustically excited at the natural frequency of the bubble, the bubble periodically oscillates in the tube and simultaneously induces a synthetic jet providing the propulsion force; (b) Owing to the propulsion force, the miniature rotor, where bubbles are trapped in the microtube, continuously rotates under acoustic excitation. The rotating miniature rotor provides fine mechanical vibrations to the piezocantilever, which is initially set up beside the rotor tips. Consequentially, electrical energy is generated due to the piezoelectric effect and stored via an electric circuit. The proposed energy harvesting technology can extract mechanical power from acoustic energy using a miniature rotor driven by acoustically oscillating bubbles in an aqueous medium and convert mechanical power to electric power.




Schematic diagram of manipulation of microparticles with two different sizes by utilizing an optothermally and acoustically excited bubble on-demand. (a) Dispersed microparticles with different sizes. (b) Generation of a bubble through optothermal effects. (c) Transportation of the bubble toward the dispersed microparticles by using optothermocapillary effects. (d) Sorting and capturing of target particles with a specific size by means of acoustic radiation effects. (e) Transportation of captured particles through both optothermocapillary and acoustic radiation effects. (f) Releasing captured particles in the absence of acoustic agitation and subsequent return to the original position by way of optothermocapillary effects.

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조회 수 : 1288
2017.08.23 (18:40:59)


Schematic diagram of a proposed electromagnetically driven on-chip micromanipulator: When a bubble on the tip of the micromanipulator is acoustically excited at its natural frequency by a piezoactuator attached beneath the chip, it oscillates and simultaneously generates a radiation force, called a Bjerknes force, which results in pulling a neighboring object onto its surface, as shown in Fig. 1(b). The captured object can be transported to any location with the micromanipulator actuated by an external magnetic controller consisting of precisely controllable 2D traverse and twin permanent magnets (Fig. 1(c)). When the object carried with the micromanipulator reaches a target location, it can be released from the bubble simply by turning the piezoactuator off and transporting the micromanipulator to the original position, as shown in Fig. 1(d).

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조회 수 : 1589
2017.08.23 (17:24:11)


Conceptual schematic of the microfluidic-based magnetic-field-driven manipulation of the liquid metal: (a) coating with Fe particles, (b) HCl treatment and suction of the liquid metal, (c) HCl-treated liquid metal injection into the PDMS-based microfluidic channel filled with HCl or NaOH, and (d) on-demand magnetic manipulation of the HCl-treated liquid metal.

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조회 수 : 3220
2017.03.09 (17:44:39)


Schematic diagram of a smart self-cleaning lens cover based on an electrowetting (EW) principle for miniature cameras (a-c) and sequential sketches of droplet transportation on coplanar electrodes by EW actuation (d-e).

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Check oral presentation for this work

조회 수 : 1714
2016.05.02 (19:35:04)


Schematic diagram of a proposed magnetic droplet manipulation system actuated by magnetic actuation and acoustic excitation: (a) top view; (b) side view.

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Multifunctional liquid lens (MLL) for miniature cameras used in smart devices and biomedical imaging systems has been developed in Myongji University Microsystems Laboratory. MLL firstly offers variable-focus and variable-zoom in a single lens system using two different actuation schemes : electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWOD) actuation for controlling the lens curvature and electromagnetic actuation for controlling the lens position.


조회 수 : 2054
2016.02.05 (18:35:58)


Schematic diagram of a tunable liquid lens operated by electromagnetic actuation. According to Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction, when electric current flows in an electric coil, a magnetic field is generated in its surroundings. The magnetic field is used to actuate or pull a ring-shaped neodymium magnet placed on the top of an elastic polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) membrane in the liquid lens, resulting that the liquid inside an actuation chamber flows into the lens chamber through open walls. It brings the change of the surface profile and focal length of the liquid lens.


조회 수 : 1973
2015.09.10 (15:59:10)


Schematics of 3D manipulation of a droplet in parallel plates consisting of the patterned arrays of EWOD electrodes: (a) 3D envisioned image; (b) 2D droplet motion images.

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조회 수 : 1733
2015.05.06 (22:28:50)


Schematic diagram of AC-EWOD driven waves on the water surface and flows: (a) At low frequencies (< 1 Hz), oscillating flows with standing waves are generated; (b) At high frequencies (> 50 Hz), steady flows with travelling waves are generated.

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조회 수 : 1739
2015.04.22 (19:33:44)


Conceptual description of the enhancement of electrowetting-on-dielectric (EWOD) response speed based on overdrive method. To improve response time (time to reach base radius (rb1), an overdrive voltage (V2) exceeding the target voltage (V1) is initially applied for the first frame (t1), and the target voltage (V1) is then applied for subsequent frames. This results in a reduction of the response time (t2-t1).

조회 수 : 2074
2015.04.22 (19:09:33)


An acoustically oscillating droplet induced motion-powered energy harvester: (a) When a water droplet is acoustically excited by a piezoactuator around its natural frequency, it oscillates; (b) When an acoustically oscillating droplet is placed on the tip end of a piezocantilever, the oscillating motion of the droplet induces the continuous bending of the piezocantilever as the reaction, resulting in electric power generation from the piezocantilever. The envisioned energy harvesting system can extract mechanical power from acoustic noise over a wide range of frequencies using liquid droplets with different sizes and natural frequencies and convert the mechanical power to electrical power for wireless electronic devices. This new type of actuation technique is a simple but useful tool not only for energy harvesting systems but also for potential acoustic wave sensors and actuators in the future.


조회 수 : 2008
2014.07.11 (13:09:24)


Schematic diagram of a tunable optical iris operated by electromagnetic actuation: When an electrical current is applied to an electric coil, a ferrofluid initially filled inside the sub-channel of the iris is electromagnetically actuated and pulled to the center of the main channel, resulting in changing the aperture of the iris.


조회 수 : 2098
2014.04.10 (08:52:41)


Schematic diagram of micro-object manipulation in blood vessels using a microrobot incorporated with an acoustically oscillating bubble: (a) Test setup; (b1–b3) Micro-object manipulation in human blood vessels using the designed microrobot.


조회 수 : 2036
2014.02.22 (23:55:39)


Contact angles of water droplets and thicknesses of thin layers with respect to weight percentages (wt%) of Cytop and Teflon. Note that the number near each data indicates the standard deviation.



Streamlines and velocity contours of steady streaming flow around a sessile bubble actuated by an acoustic wave: (a) PIV experimental result and (b) computational result.

조회 수 : 2242
2012.07.17 (16:08:03)


Micro-object manipulation by AC-EWOD-driven twin bubbles: (a) Initial state; (b) When twin bubbles actuated by AC-EWOD at a certain frequency (100 Hz) generate streaming, a micro-object is pushed by the streaming and transported to the next EWOD electrodes; (c) The object is carried by the sequential AC-EWOD operations with the twin bubbles to the right end of EWOD electrodes; (d) When the twin bubbles actuated by AC-EWOD at 1 Hz are transported to the original position without streaming, the object is released from the bubbles and remains where it is. Note that the bubble-induced streaming is generated only at a certain frequency.



조회 수 : 2822
2012.07.17 (15:45:25)


Schematic of an electrowetting-on-Dielectric (EWOD)-driven optical deflector : (a) Interface tilted in the left side; (b) Interface tilted in the right side by controlling the applied voltages on left and right walls. 


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Schematic of an envisioned microfluidic mixing system using an alternating current electrowetting-on-dielectric (AC-EWOD)- driven mobile oscillating bubble: (a) Initial state; (b) When a voltage is applied to the top ground electrode and the bottom electrodes where a bubble sits, the bubble oscillates and simultaneously generates a microstreaming flow. Neighboring microparticles are stirred and mixed by the flow; (c) When the oscillating bubble is transported to the right by sequentially activating the array of EWOD electrodes, the microstreaming flow from the bubble is stirring and mixing microparticles through the entire microfluidic chip; (d) the initially gathered microparticles in the left side are widely spread over the entire area in the microfluidic chip.